What is Electronic Engineering?
- Electronic Engineering(sub-branch of Electrical Engineering) deals with the designing & developing of electronics circuits/systems using electronics components i.e. semiconductors(transistors, diodes etc.), integrated chips(ULN2003, CD4050 etc.), logic gates etc.
- Although Electronics Engineering was initially derived from Electrical Engineering but it has quickly established itself as Major Engineering Branch.
- Now-a-days, new engineering branches are getting derived from Electronics engineering i.e. Embedded Systems.
- Electronics has revolutionized technology as electronics devices are small-sized and highly efficient.
History of Electronics EngineeringAfter the revolution of Electrical Engineering, world was introduced with electrical devices i.e. radio, printers, televisions etc. The manufacturing process of these electrical devices was normally divided into three sections, which were:
- Mechanical: The designing of mechanical box to encapsulate everything.
- Electrical: Designing of electrical power supply circuits, which normally involved transformers, capacitors, inductors etc.
- Electronics: Designing of electronic circuits to perform smart operations i.e. turning power on/off, controlling IR remote etc.
Electronic engineering VS electrical engineeringAs I mentioned in above section, Electrical engineering deals with the power management i.e. grid station, transmission lines, power generation, power conversions(AC to DC or vice versa) etc. So, in simple words, everything involved with electricity supply comes under electrical engineering. It could be a power supply to a simple computer or designing of a power grid itself. While Electronics engineering deals with the designing of smart circuits or kits, specifically designed for performing smart fixed operations. Let's understand the difference with the example of a simple general purpose computer/laptop, it's power supply is designed by an electrical engineer while its circuits/chips(i.e. RAM, ROM, processor etc.) are designed by electronics engineer.
Branches of Electronic EngineeringThere are many branches of electronic engineering. In this section, I will discuss them briefly for your better understanding.
1. Signal processingThis branch of electronic engineering deals with the evaluation and analysis of signals. There are two kinds of signals; analog and digital. In analog signaling, the main concern is amplification of audio signals using different equipment. Whereas, digital signaling involves the checking and correction of error in the system.
2. Telecommunications engineeringIt mainly focuses on the proper transmission systems of information using different communication devices (e.g. transceiver). They usually work on the strength of signals, make them strong enough to communicate well without any hindrance. This is also known as electronics and telecommunication engineering, deals with IT, computer and networking. They also find jobs in the air and space companies to get information. They are also responsible for checking aircraft communication n and navigation system proper functioning before the flight. Their works are in various firms and organization involve in air and space.
3. ElectromagneticsThis branch provides insight study about the wireless and wired signals transmission channels. Such as the key focuses are on electromagnetic waves, Transmission Lines and Waveguides, Antennas, their types and uses with microwave and radio frequency waves.
4. Control engineeringThis branch of electronic engineering has broad uses in airplane companies and automation industries.
5. Instrumentation engineeringThese engineers work on the designing and manufacturing of physical quantity measurement devices. Such as temperature measurement, pressure, flow, etc. They have a very deep understanding of physics principles.
6. Computer engineeringThis is one of the key branch of electronic engineering, mainly working on complex computer systems. They also design novel computer software and hardware and enhance the use of computers in the industries.
Electronics engineering jobsToday, Electronics engineering is considered one of the most rewarding career choices. Their main responsibilities are to design, develop, maintain, and properly install electrical devices in specific industries (commercial industries, medical field, or military). Further, they analyze what the customer needs, and then calculate the cost and efficiency to fulfil the plan. They are responsible for communication signals and lighting systems in businesses, homes or other firms. They gets hired from different fields for example:
- Electronics design and development.
- Automation industries.
- Consumer products electronic engineering
- Medical electronics.
- Manufacturing engineering.
- Research & development.
- Aeronautical electronics.
- Defense electronic engineering.
Electronics engineer salaryThe demand for electronic engineers holding an academic electronic engineering degree from well-known institutes has increased a lot in the market. Let’s me tell you the estimated annual salary of the most common job of electronic engineering
- The annual salary for Instruments manufacturing, navigational, electromedical, measuring and control systems electronic engineers is $114,260.
- Those electronic engineers working under federal government projects (e.g. postal service) are paying an annual salary of $112,870.
- Further, the annual salary of electronic engineers responsible for the manufacturing of semiconductors and many other electronic components is $106,240.
- Electronic engineers in telecommunication systems are earning an annual salary of about $98,600.
Electronics engineering coursesNow you are well aware that every university has its own curriculum, but there are some major subjects taught by every electronic engineer to get an electronic engineering degree. I have enlisted below; have a look.
|Electrical Engineering||Electronic Measurements|
|Digital Systems||Applied Communication Skills|
|Applied Communication Skills||Electronic Communication|
|Computer and Programming Skills||Design Project|
|Applied Calculus||Microwave Communication|
|Introduction to Electronics||Software Engineering|
|Digital Systems||Electronic Applications|
|Applied Communication Skills||Industrial El|
|Digital Communication||Power Electronics|
Electronic Engineering projectsIf you are a student of electronic engineering and want to get the degree, you must be thinking about your final year project ideas. Do you? A good and unique final year project can help you a lot in your future as well. So, here are some suggestions and top discussed issues in the field of electronic engineering. I really want to share these ideas with you for your help in your final year project to earn an electronic engineering degree.
- You can design a more efficient solar system for home use
- Robotic Arm for those who are interested in automation
- Developed any smart energy projects
- Digital signaling processors using python
- Novel designing of circuits or integrated circuits
- Innovation in the traffic lighting system
- Design & developed weather monitoring equipment
- The tracking system in the vehicle
- Automated home appliances
- Radar communication system
- The invention of high dimensional smart cameras.
- First; you have to design the initial concept of what you think
- Developed this design
- Testing of this initial developed design
- If it is efficient then start developing the final design
- If not, then after trial make suitable changes in your design
- Final design testing and analysis
- Introduced it into the market and check the popularity
Top universities offer an Electronic Engineering degreeThere are so many universes offering electronic engineering degrees all over the world. I am going to enlist some top universities below. Check it out!
|Harvard University||Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech)|
|University of Oxford||Washington University in St Louis|
|Stanford University||Wuhan University|
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Texas A&M University|
|University of California, Berkeley||Macau University of Science and Technology|
|University of Cambridge||Politecnico di Milano|
|California Institute of Technology||University of Waterloo|
|Princeton University||Harbin Institute of Technology|
|ETH Zurich||Aalborg University|
|Peking University||National University of Singapore|
Best Electronic Engineering Books of all Times
1. Next Generation HALT and HASSHALT (highly accelerated life test) AND HASS (highly accelerated stress screen) are the novel paradigm methodology-based techniques to check the reliability of electronic devices. The author explains these equines in this book. So if you want to work on these techniques, I strongly recommend this book.
2. Integration of Renewable Sources of EnergyThis is the all-time challenging task in electric engineering to develop energy from renewable sources. Now novels techniques have been using such as bounds and leaps in generating energy from fossil fuel or nuclear energy sources. This book is all about understanding with practicing techniques related to renewable energy sources.
3. Digital Electronics, Volume 3If you are working on developing a digital electronic device for your final year project, this is a must-read book for you. It teaches you all the basic guides about electronic equipment designing and basic principles to developing them. The author provides insight into the circuit and its types such as a combinational logic circuit as well as a sequential logic circuit. So I found these books on electronic engineering most interesting. But there are so many other books I want to recommend here. These books can provide you complete guidance during your electronic engineering degree.
- Elements of Power Electronics.
- Portable Electronics Product Design & Development.
- Low-Power Electronics Design.
- Handbook for Electronics Engineering Technicians.
- Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles.
- Design of Brushless Permanent-Magnet Motors.
- Integrated Electronics.
- Electrical and Electronics Reference Manual for the Electrical and Computer PE Exam.
- Basic Electronics.
- Learning the Art of Electronics.
- Electronic Design Automation for Integrated Circuits Handbook.
- A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering.
- Electrical and Electronic Principles and Technology.
- Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems and Smart Grid.
Popular Electronic Engineers & their ContributionTo understand any branch of engineering, you must know about the popular engineers and their contribution in that field. That's why, I think its important to tell you about some top electronic engineers and their inventions here.
|1||William Gilbert||He was one of the popular English scientists during the time of Queen Elizabeth. He completely changes the word electrics through his ideas. He did great work on static electricity and magnetism. He was the first who invented the term electric force and magnetic poles.|
|2||Benjamin Franklin||He is considered the master of electricity, has remarkable contributions to electricity. He proved that electricity and lighting are the same through experimental work on it. He also invented the lighting rod. Discovered the law of conservation and positive & negative charges identification.|
|3||Luigi Galvani||He has a great contribution to the field of bio electromagnetism. He did an incredible experiment with a dead frog’s leg muscles and work on signals and electrical patterns from nerves, tissues and muscles.|
|4||Charles-Augustin de Coulomb||He discovered two famous theories about the attractive and repulsive forces between charged bodies. He also explains the inverse square law as well as worked on conductors & dielectrics.|
|5||Alessandro Volta||He had great inventions in electronics engineering branch, discovered a reliable battery. Explains electromagnetism and the uses of electricity.|
|Lawrence A. Hyland||Caroline Haslett|
|Kees Schouhamer Immink||Oliver Heaviside|
|Konrad Zuse||Oskar Heil|
|Fleeming Jenkin||Heinrich Rudolf Hertz|
|Kristina M. Johnson||Hertzian waves|
|Johann Dirry||Peter Cooper Hewitt|
|James Clarke Maxwell||William Hewlett|
|Edith Clarke||Godfrey Hounsfield|
|Michael Faraday||Edwin J. Houston|
|Steve Wozniak||John Hopkinson|