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Arduino 74HC165, Arduino 74HC165 interfacing, 74hc165 arduino, increase input pins arduino, arduino input pinsHello friends, I hope you all are doing great. In today’s tutorial, I am going to do an Arduino 74HC165 Interfacing and we will have a look at How to increase Input Pins of Arduino. 74HC165 is a shift register and works on the principal of Parallel In Serial Out. In my previous tutorial Arduino 74HC595 Interfacing: Increase Output Pins, we have seen How to increase the output pins of Arduino and today we are gonna do exact the opposite and we will increase the input pins.

74HC165 will take 8 parallel inputs from different sensors or buttons etc and will send them to serial OUT Pin, which will be connected to Arduino. So, if you are working on a project where you want to get data of 15 or 20 digital sensors then you can use this shift register and just using a single pin of Arduino you can read data of all those sensors. We can only get digital inputs, we can’t get analog input through this shift register. So, let’s get started with Arduino 74HC165 Interfacing:

Arduino 74HC165 Interfacing

  • I will design a Proteus Simulation of Arduino 74HC165 Interfacing, I have given the files for download at the end of this tutorial, but I would recommend you to design it so that you could learn.
  • I will connect simple Logic buttons with this shift register and will read their status on the Serial Port.
  • So, first of all design a simple Proteus Simulation as shown in below figure.
  • I have used Arduino UNO and have connected Virtual Terminal so that we could have a look at Serial data.

Arduino 74HC165, Arduino 74HC165 interfacing, 74hc165 arduino, increase input pins arduino, arduino input pins

  • As you can see in the above figure that I have connected four pins between Arduino and 74HC165, which are:
    • Pin # 8 of Arduino  ==> Shift (SH) of shift register.
    • Pin # 9 of Arduino  ==> Clock Enable (CE) of shift register.
    • Pin # 11 of Arduino ==> Serial OUT (SO) of shift register.
    • Pin # 12 of Arduino ==> Clock (CLK) of shift register.
  • Now open you Arduino software and copy paste the below code in it:

  • The code is quite simple but let me give you a quick explanation of  it.
  • First of all, I have assigned names to all 4 pins of 74HC165 connected with Arduino.
  • Function read_shift_regs() is used to read the eight input pins of 74HC165 and print_byte() function is used to display that data on Serial Monitor.
  • So get your hex file from Arduino software and upload it in Proteus software.
  • Run your Proteus simulation and if everything goes fine then you will get results as shown in below figure:

Arduino 74HC165, Arduino 74HC165 interfacing, 74hc165 arduino, increase input pins arduino, arduino input pins




  • If you change any input of your shift register then you will get the new value on your Virtual Terminal.
  • Now let’s add another 74HC165 and increase our input pins by 16.
  • So, design a simple circuit as shown in below figure:

Arduino 74HC165, Arduino 74HC165 interfacing, 74hc165 arduino, increase input pins arduino, arduino input pins

  • Now, in the above code, simply change the first line and make #define NUMBER_OF_SHIFT_CHIPS 2.
  • Simply changes 1 to 2, as we are using 2 shift registers now.
  • Now get your hex file and run the Proteus simulation.
  • Here’s the output of our 16 increased inputs:

Arduino 74HC165, Arduino 74HC165 interfacing, 74hc165 arduino, increase input pins arduino, arduino input pins

  • That’s how you can easily interface multiple 74HC165 chips with your Arduino board and can increase the input options.
  • You can download these Proteus simulations and code for Arduino 74HC165 Interfacing by clicking the below button:

Download Proteus Simulation & Code

  • You should also have a look at this video in which I have shown How to run these simulations:


So, that was all for today. In my coming tutorial, I will interface both 74HC165 and 74HC595 with Arduino UNO and will show you How to increase both input and output pins at the same time. Thanks for reading. Take care!!! 🙂

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